DISPARITIES IN HEALTH PROJECT
October 9, 2019 Off All,
Applying the Socio-Ecological Model Ecosocial theory provides health professionals with an opportunity to understand why populations react biologically to a social condition. It is these interactions between biology and social conditions that can contribute to an inequitable distribution of ill health and disease, also known as health disparities. Following the tenets of ecosocial theory, health professionals have developed a framework, called the SocioEcological Model (SEM), to which health issues can be applied that is beneficial in devising new approaches for promoting positive health outcomes and understanding the contributing factors of health disparities. The SEM is an organizing framework that health professionals can use to understand health issues and in planning effective interventions. It uses the concept of multilevel systems of mutual influence and interaction, moving from the individual level through linkages to larger social networks that include the family, community, environment, social institutions, and government. This model is organized around five levels of influence: 1) individual factors, 2) interpersonal processes and relations with primary social groups, 3) institutional/organizational factors, 4) community/environment factors, and 5) public policy. Final Paper: 1. Select a health issue where health disparities are present (ex: Cancer, Heart Disease, Hypertension, Diabetes, Asthma, Depression, Obesity, HIV/AIDS, etc.) 2. Select a population that is impacted by this. 3. Conduct research using scholarly sources to complete the SEM model following the outline listed below. 4. Each section of the SEM must be addressed based on the selected population and health issue. Part One: Apply each section of the SEM model to the health issue and population selected. Using scholarly sources to support your work, explain how each of these factors contribute to health disparities as demonstrated in your selected topic. 1) Individual factors 2) Interpersonal processes and relations with primary social groups 3) Institutional/organizational factors 4) Community/environment factors 5) Public policy Part Two: Select the level of the SEM model that you believe is most important as a starting point to addressing this issue. Use scholarly sources to suggest an intervention that would work best to improve the health issue at the selected level.