critically evaluate the evidence for health outcomes associated with physical and sedentary behaviour .

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND HEALTH
May 6, 2019 Off All,

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. demonstrate a critical awareness of both the importance of physical activity from a public health perspective and the impact of public health physical activity initiatives in the UK. . demonstrate a critical understanding of the role that physical activity plays in promoting the health and wellbeing of different populations (children, older adults, ethnic minorities) and within different settings. . critically evaluate the evidence for health outcomes associated with physical and sedentary behaviour . critically appraise the key principles, approaches and outcomes of existing interventions for physical activity promotion . understand and apply epidemiological principles and terminology relating to physical activity and sedentary behaviour. ESSAY QUESTION ” With reference to the evidence base and epidemiological data, critically explore why physical inactivity should be a public health priority” 1. Provide a clear introduction that “SETS THE SCENE”- Outline the reason why physical inactivity is a public health priority. Define Physical Activity/Inactivity/Sedentary behaviour and health . BOOKS TO READ (Bouchard, C., Blair, S.N. and Haskell, W.L.(2012) Physical Activity and Health. 2nd ed.) (Champaigne, IL: Human Kinetics. Chapter 1. 2. Clearly set the intensions of this essay – by addressing the requirements as set out in the ESSAY QUESTION ABOVE – SELECT A MULTI – FACTORAL DISEASE SUCH AS CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE THAT LINKED TO PHYSICAL INACTIVITY . 23 Discuss the benefit of physical activity (Physiological) USE THESE JOURNALS (Ding, D., Lawson, K.D., Kolbe-Alexander, T.L., Finkelstein, E.A., Katzmarzyk, P.T.,Mechelen, W.V. and Pratt, M. (2016). The economic burden of physical inactivity: a global analysis of major non-communicable diseases. Lancet;388:1311-24. Department of Health (2011) Start Active,Stay Active: A report on physical activity for health from the four home countries’ Chief Medical Officers. World Health Organisation. Global recommendations on physical activity for health. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO pRESS; 2010. Taylor et al. (2004). Exercise-based rehabilitation for patients with coronary heart disease: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. American Journal of Medicine; 116(10):682-697. PUBLIC HEALTH ENGLAND (2012) BENEFIT OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY 4. Discuss the disadvantages of physical inactivity/ sedentary behaviour in health. LINK IT WITH THE RISK FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO OTHER DISEASES BUT THE FOCUS IS CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE . PROVIDE EVIDENCE OF KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING OF THE EVIDENCE BASE : THE BURDEN OF CHRONIC (LIFESTYLE) DISEASE RELATED TO PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND PHYSICAL INACTIVITY (Hardman, A.E. and Stensel, D. (2009)Physical Activity and Health: The evidence explained. London: Routledge. Chapters 3 Hardman, A.E. and Stensel, D. (2009)Physical Activity and Health: The evidence explained. London: Routledge. Chapter 1– Lancet (2012) The pandemic of physical inactivity: global action for public health The Physical Activity Transition (Katzmarzyk and Mason 2009) Blair, S.N. (2009). Physical inactivity: the biggest public health problem of the 21st century. British Journal of Sports of Sports Medicine 43(1):1-3 Scarborough, P., Bhatnagar, P., Wickramasinghe, K.K, Allender, S., Foster, C., Rayner, M. (2011) The economic burden of ill health due to diet, physical inactivity, smoking, alcohol and obesity in the UK: An update to 2006-2007 NHS costs. Journal of Public Health;33(4):527-535. 5. USE ACADEMIC LITERATURE AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL DATA TO DEVELOP ARGUMENT, WITH THE MAIN FOCUS AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF A RATIONALE FOR PHYSICAL INACTIVITY BEING A PUBLIC HEALTH PRIORITY. Merrill, R.M. (2014) Introduction to Epidemiology. Burlington: MA. Jones & Bartlett Learning World Health Organization. Global health risks. Mortality and burden of disease attributable to selected major risks. WHO, Geneva, 2009. Lee IM, Shiroma EJ, Lobelo F et al. Effect of physical inactivity on major non-communicable diseases worldwide: an analysis of burden of disease and life expectancy. Lancet 2012;380:219-29. Ding, D., Lawson, K.D., Kolbe-Alexander, T.L., Finkelstein, E.A., Katzmarzyk, P.T., Mechelen, W.V. and Pratt, M. (2016). The economic burden of physical inactivity: a global analysis of major non-communicable diseases. Lancet;388:1311-24. Bouchard, C., Blair, S.N. and Haskell, W.L. (2012) Physical Activity and Health. 2nd ed. Champaigne, IL: Human Kinetics. Hardman, A.E. and Stensel, D. (2009) Physical Activity and Health: The evidence explained. London: Routledge. Chapters 3 – 9. Nunan, D., Mahtani, K.R., Roberts, N. and Heneghan, C. (2013). Physical activity for the prevention and treatment of major chronic disease: an overview of systematic reviews. Systematic Reviews;2:56. https://www.bhf.org.uk/statistics 6. CRITICALLY EVALUATE THE GOVERNMENT GUIDELINES FOR PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN THE UK AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF HEALTH/ PREVENTION OF ILL HEALTH. (Ding, D., Lawson, K.D., Kolbe-Alexander, T.L., Finkelstein, E.A., Katzmarzyk, P.T.,Mechelen, W.V. and Pratt, M. (2016). The economic burden of physical inactivity: a global analysis of major non-communicable diseases. Lancet;388:1311-24. British Heart Foundation National Centre (BHFNC) for Physical Activity and Health, L (2014). British Heart Foundation National Centre (BHFNC) for Physical Activity and Health, Interpreting the UK physical activity guidelines for older adults (65+) (2012). Department of Health (2011) Start Active, Stay Active: A report on physical activity for health from the four home countries’ Chief Medical Officers. Physical activity is medicine for older adults Denise Taylor Taylor D. Postgrad Med J 2014;90:26–32. doi:10.1136/postgradmedj-2012-131366 7. CONSIDER THE USE OF EPIDEMIOLOGY IN EVIDENCING THE BURDEN OF PHYSICAL INACTIVITY WITH KEY EPIDEMIOLOGY CONCEPTS – INCIDENCE AND PREVALENCE.FOCUSING ON CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE IN THE UK USING KEY EPIDEMIOLOGICAL CONCEPT – INCIDENCE, PREVALENCE READ FOR MORE INFORMATION http://www.ncsem-em.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/economic_costs.pdf Townsend N, Wickramasinghe K, Bhatnagar P, Smolina K, Nichols M, Leal J, et al. Coronary heart disease statistics: A compendium of health statistics 2012 edition. London, England: British Heart Foundation and Oxford, England: University of Oxford; 2012. BRITISH HEART FOUNDATION, 2018. MORTALITY RATE AND RISK FACTORS OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE BECAUSE OF PHYSICAL INACTIVITY National costing report: Prevention of cardiovascular disease. London, England: National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence; 2010 Taylor et al. (2004). Exercise-based rehabilitation for patients with coronary heart disease: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. American Journal of Medicine; 116(10):682-697. Lee, I., Shiroma, E.J., Lobelo, F., Puska, P., Blair, S.N., Katzmarzyk, P.T., for the Lancet Physical Activity Series Working Group (2012). Effect of physical inactivity on major non-communicable diseases worldwide: An analysis of burden of disease and life expectancy. The Lancet;380(9838):219-229.

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