Describe what is meant by socially optimal outcomes according to macroeconomic theory

Markets are one way of determining what an economy produces, how it produces, and how the products are allocated. Advocates of free markets claim that this approach results in socially optimal outcomes, yet it is commonly accepted that incidents of market failure lead to sub-optimal outcomes. 1) Select ONE of the drivers of market failure listed below: Public goods Asymmetric information Common property resources Positive externalities Negative externalities Lack of competition (e.g. monopoly) Economic inequality 2) Write 500 words (+/- 10%) to address the following points: – Describe what is meant by the term, and give an example – Comment on how prevalent such cases are in the economy – Describe what is meant by socially optimal outcomes according to macroeconomic theory – Discuss how and why, when this type of market failure exists, the market will fail to reach the socially optimal outcome – Use a supply and demand chart to show 1) the market outcome, 2) the socially optimal outcome 3) how they differ in terms of quantities and prices when this type of market failure exists – Discuss what government interventions can be applied to steer the market towards socially preferable outcomes 3) Submit Submissions deviating substantially from the designated word count (either + or -) will attract a penalty of 10%. All papers will be checked for plagiarism using Turnitin, so ensure that your submission is written in your own words and that all of the sources you use are appropriately referenced.

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