Discuss three risk factors that can lead to polypharmacy.
Polypharmacy is a common concern, especially in the elderly. List the definitions of polypharmacy you encounter in your readings. There is more than one. Discuss three risk factors that can lead to polypharmacy. Explain the rationale for why each listed item is a risk factor. This is different than adverse drug reactions. ADRs can be a result of polypharmacy, and is important, but ADRs are not a risk factor. Discuss three action steps that a provider can take to prevent polypharmacy. Provide an example of how your clinical preceptors have addressed polypharmacy. possible reference Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality (2015). American Geriatrics Society 2015 updated Beers Criteria for potentially inappropriate medication use in older adults. Retrieved from https://www.guideline.gov/summaries/summary/49933 (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. Kennedy-Malone, L., Fletcher, K., & Plank, L. (2014). Advanced practice nursing in the care of older adults. Retrieved from https://online.vitalsource.com Payne, R.A. (2017) The epidemiology of polypharmacy. Clinical Medicine 16, (5) 465-9. Sengstock, D., & Zimmerman, J. (2014). Addressing polypharmacy & improving medication adherence in older adults. In Williams, B.A., Chang, A. et al Current Diagnosis & Treatment: Geriatrics (Chapter 53). Columbus, OH: McGraw-Hill. Terrery, C.L. & Nicoteri, J.L. (2016). The 2015 American Geriatric Society Beers criteria: Implications for nurse practitioners. The Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 12 (3), 192-200. White, B. & Truax, D. (2007). The nurse practitioner in long-term care. Jones and Bartlett, Burlington, MA