You are to write a PICO question in a word document, individually and submit for week 5.
The PICO statement will provide a framework for your Capstone Project (The project you must complete during your final course in the RN-BSN program of study). You can review the PICO article “Evidence-Based Practice, Step by Step: Asking the Clinical Question” (2010) for help with this.
The PICO question should be written to address the following:
P-Patient population (what are the characteristics of the patient or population or what disease are you interested in)?
I- Intervention (What do you want to do with this patient population-treat/observe/diagnose)?
C- Comparison (What are the alternatives to the intervention placebo, different drug, different nursing intervention)?
O- Outcome (What is the desired effect of the intervention to the patient population)?
T- Timeframe (By when do you want to see results?)
Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy Rational-emotive behavior therapy (REBT) attempts to change irrational beliefs that cause emotional problems. According to Albert Ellis (1913–2007), the basic idea of REBT is as easy as A-B-C (Ellis, 1995, Ellis & Ellis, 2011). Ellis assumes that people become unhappy and develop self-defeating habits because they have unrealistic or faulty beliefs.
How are beliefs important? Ellis analyzes problems in this way: The letter A stands for an activating experience, which the person assumes to be the cause of C, an emotional consequence. For instance, a person who is rejected (the activating experience) feels depressed, threatened, or hurt (the consequence). Rational-emotive behavior therapy shows the client that the real problem is what comes between A and C: In between is B, the client’s irrational and unrealistic beliefs. In this example, an unrealistic belief leading to unnecessary suffering is, “I must be loved and approved by every- one at all times.” REBT holds that events do not cause us to have feelings. We feel as we do because of our beliefs (Dryden, 2011; Kottler & Shepard, 2011). (For some examples, see “Ten Irrational Beliefs—Which Do You Hold?”)