What is the impact to the nursing profession and to the public related to the projected nursing shortage? Discuss at least one way that the nursing profession is working toward a resolution of this problem.
Group Awareness Training During the 1960s and 1970s, the human potential movement led many people to seek personal growth experiences. Often, their interest was expressed by participation in sensitivity training or encounter groups.
What is the difference between sensitivity groups and encounter groups? Sensitivity groups tend to be less confrontational than encounter groups. Participants in sensitivity groups take part in exercises that gently enlarge self-awareness and sensitivity to oth- ers. For example, in a “trust walk,” participants expand their confi- dence in others by allowing themselves to be led around while blindfolded.
Encounter groups are based on an honest expression of feel- ings, and intensely personal communication may take place. Typi- cally, the emphasis is on tearing down defenses and false fronts. Because there is a danger of hostile confrontation, participation is safest when members are carefully screened and a trained leader guides the group. In business settings, psychologists still use the basic principles of sensitivity and encounter groups—truth, self- awareness, and self-determination—to improve employee relation- ships. Specially designed encounter groups for married couples are also widely held (Harway, 2004).
There has also been much public interest in various forms of large group awareness training. Large group awareness training refers to programs that claim to increase self-awareness and facili- tate constructive personal change. The Garden Company, Lifespring, the Forum, the Hoffman Quadrinity Process, and simi- lar commercial programs are examples. Like the smaller groups that preceded them, large-group training combines psychological exer- cises, confrontation, new viewpoints, and group dynamics to pro- mote personal change.