What similarities and differences can you identify between the nursing process and the research process? Explain your answer. Please support your response with a peer reviewed article.
• “Where is the evidence that you are a loser just because you didn’t do well this one time?”
• “Who said the world should be fair? That’s your rule.” • “What are you telling yourself to make yourself feel so upset?” • “Is it really terrible that things aren’t working out as you would like? Or is
it just inconvenient?”
Many of us would probably do well to give up our irrational beliefs. Improved self-acceptance and a better tolerance of daily annoyances are the benefits of doing so (see “Overcoming the Gambler’s Fallacy”).
The value of cognitive approaches is further illustrated by three techniques (covert sensitization, thought stopping, and covert rein- forcement) described in this chapter’s Psychology in Action section. A little later you can see what you think of them.
Ten Irrational Beliefs—Which Do You Hold?Discovering Psychology
Rational-emotive behavior therapists have identified numerous beliefs that com- monly lead to emotional upsets and con- flicts. See if you recognize any of the following irrational beliefs:
1. I must be loved and approved by almost every significant person in my life or it’s awful and I’m worthless.
Example: “One of my classmates doesn’t seem to like me. I must be a big loser.”
2. I should be completely competent and achieving in all ways to be a worthwhile person.
Example: “I don’t understand my physics class. I guess I really am just stupid.”
3. It’s terribly upsetting when things don’t go my way.
Example: “I should have gotten a B in that class. The teacher is a total creep.”
4. It’s not my fault I’m unhappy; I can’t control my emotional reactions.
Example: “You make me feel awful. I would be happy if it weren’t for you.”